Then the needs are “solved” if it is possible to achieve them with a certain plan of action. The question arises: Is there a way to accomplish this? Or will it be required that the client discover the necessary steps to accomplish the needs? In other words, will the client be required to put forth the effort to accomplish the needs?
The steps of the achievements (or lack thereof) will determine the client’s success or failure with respect to overcoming the problem. If the client has the ability to accomplish a goal or purpose, this will reflect in the outcome or behavior. If not, then there may be obstacles.
When the client’s goals or needs are met, these must be clarified. The next step in counseling case study analysis would be to identify the situations that are threatening the clients abilities to accomplish their goals. This could be as simple as identifying the trust issues, a lack of job satisfaction, a lack of money, etc.
Problems can manifest themselves in many different ways. These differences will require different counseling case study solutions that will address the variety of needs.
The solutions will differ based on the specific problem and will also vary based on the skills, experiences, etc. of the client.
Solutions will also vary according to the situations or elements that have brought about the problem. There could be various problems caused by differences between the client and the situation or by conflicts within the situation.
There are different types of problems, or dilemmas, that a client may have. They are conflict, crises, need, means, and solutions.
Conflict is defined as a situation where the client has conflicting interests. It could be between a client and the solution provider. Or it could be between the client and the means of achieving the solution.
Crisis or opportunity is defined as the availability of the opportunity for the client to act in a way that addresses their problem. For example, they may have a need for a certain solution or goal.
Need is defined as a need that is not addressed. It may be the need for time to solve a problem. It could also be a need for the solution provider to be in a position to provide the service.
While some of the possible situations and solutions have to do with the client and the situation or solution being presented, others have to do with the client and the skills and experiences they possess. The client is the key to the counseling case study analysis process. They are the “goal” and the “solution” and the “opportunity” all rolled into one.